Chagall was born and brought up in the Jewish quarter of the Russian town of Vitebsk (now in Belarus). Even after he parted from his home town, the memories of his time spent in it were a source of creativity that lasted to the end of his life. Examples of such memories to be seen in this work include the marriage ceremony on a rooftop, the brass band parade, the fiddler and donkey cart, and the synagogue beyond the houses.
During Chagall’s engagement to his first wife Vera, she brought a bouquet with her when she visited his house. Ever afterward, bouquets were symbols representing love itself for him. Here we have two lovers flying in the air with bouquets in their hands, sharing happy moments. The woman beside them is playing the cymbals, as if in celebration of this.